New Evidence That Plants Get Their Energy Using Quantum Entanglement

20140131-114711.jpgBiophysicists theorize that plants tap into the eerie world of quantum entanglement during photosynthesis. But the evidence to date has been purely circumstantial. Now, scientists have discovered a feature of plants that cannot be explained by classical physics alone — but which quantum mechanics answers quite nicely.

The fact that biological systems can exploit quantum effects is quite astounding. In a way, they’re like mini-quantum computers capable of scanning all possible options in order to choose the most efficient paths or solutions. For plants, this means the ability to make the most of the energy they receive and then deliver that energy from leaves with near perfect efficiency.

Good Vibrations

20140131-115111.jpgBut for this to work, plants require the capacity to work in harmony with the wild, wacky, and extremely small world of quantum phenomena. The going theory is that plants have light-gathering macromolecules in their cells that can transfer energy via molecular vibrations — vibrations that have no equivalents in classical physics. Most of these light-gathering macromolecules are comprised of chromophores attached to proteins. These macromolecules carry out the first step of photosynthesis by capturing sunlight and efficiently transferring the energy.

Previous inquiries suggested that this energy is transferred in a wave-like manner, but it was a process that could still be explained by classical physics.

In Perfect Quantum Harmony

In the new study, however, UCL researchers identified a specific feature in biological systems that can only be predicted by quantum physics. The team learned that the energy transfer in the light-harvesting macromolecules is facilitated by specific vibrational motions of the chromophores.

“We found that the properties of some of the chromophore vibrations that assist energy transfer during photosynthesis can never be described with classical laws, and moreover, this non-classical behaviour enhances the efficiency of the energy transfer,” noted supervisor and co-author Alexandra Olaya-Castro in a statement.

image

The vibrations in question are periodic motions of the atoms within a molecule. It’s similar to how an object moves when it’s attached to a spring. Sometimes, the energy of two vibrating chromophores match the energy difference between the electronic transitions of chromophores. The result is a coherent exchange of a single quantum of energy.

“When this happens electronic and vibrational degrees of freedom are jointly and transiently in a superposition of quantum states, a feature that can never be predicted with classical physics,” explained study co-author Edward O’Reilly.

In other words, quantum effects improve the efficiency of plant photosynthesis in a way that classical physics cannot allow. Which is pretty wild if you ask me.

Read the entire study at Nature Communications: “Non-classicality of the molecular vibrations assisting exciton energy transfer at room temperature.”

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Source: io9 ; Scientific American

Image credit: damtp.cam.ac.uk; deviantart

Fukushima: The Truth

An unstoppable tide of radioactive trash and chemical waste from Fukushima is pushing ever closer to North America. Yoichi Shimatsu-big

An estimated 20 million tons of smashed timber, capsized boats and industrial wreckage is more than halfway across the ocean, based on sightings off Midway by a Russian ship’s crew. Safe disposal of the solid waste will be monumental task, but the greater threat lies in the invisible chemical stew mixed with sea water.

This new triple disaster floating from northeast Japan is an unprecedented nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) contamination event. Radioactive isotopes cesium and strontium are by now in the marine food chain, moving up the bio-ladder from plankton to invertebrates like squid and then into fish like salmon and halibut.

Sea animals are also exposed to the millions of tons of biological waste from pig farms and untreated sludge from tsunami-engulfed coast of Japan, transporting pathogens including the avian influenza virus, which is known to infect fish and turtles.

The chemical contamination, either liquid or leached out of plastic and painted metal, will likely have the most immediate effects of harming human health and exterminating marine animals.

The toxic mess won’t stop at the shoreline. Many chemical compounds are volatile and can evaporate with water to form clouds, which will eventually precipitate as rainfall across Canada and the northern United States. The long-term threat extends far inland to the Rockies and beyond, affecting agriculture, rivers, reservoirs and, eventually, aquifers and well water.

Falsifying Oceanography

Soon after the Fukushima disaster, a spokesman for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) at its annual meeting in Vienna said that most of the radioactive water released from the devastated Fukushima No.1 nuclear plant was expected to disperse harmlessly in the Pacific Ocean.

Another expert in a BBC interview also suggested that nuclear sea-dumping is nothing to worry about because the “Pacific extension” of the Kuroshio Current would deposit the radiation into the middle of the ocean, where the heavy isotopes would sink into Davy Jones’s Locker.

At the time, this writer challenged this sort of unscientific hogwash since oceanographic studies have long indicated the Kuroshio (Black Stream) is the driving force for the North Pacific Current, which rapidly traverses the ocean to North America. The current is a relatively narrow band that acts like a conveyer belt, meaning radioactive materials will not disperse and settle but should remain concentrated

Soon thereafter, the IAEA backtracked, revising its earlier implausible scenario. In a newsletter, the atomic agency projected that cesium-137 might reach the shores of other countries in “several years or months.” To be accurate, the text should have been written “in several months rather than years.”

The Great Gyre

The network of currents comprise a larger hydrodynamic system known as North Pacific Gyre. Flotsam and jetsam from northeast Japan are moved along this path:

– The Liman or Oyashio (Parent Stream), a mineral-rich cold Arctic current that moves southwest from the Bering Strait past Kamchatka Peninsula and along Japan’s northeast region of Tohoku. The water used to cool the Fukushima meltdown is dumped into the passing Liman, which carries the radioactive wastewater southward toward Choshi Point, east of Tokyo..

– The rocky outcrop at Choshi forces the Liman to swerve eastward, where it collides with the tropical Kuroshio Current moving northward. The interaction of these opposing currents is complicated. The cold Liman is forced underneath the warm Black Tide, which explains why rockfish, abalone, sea urchins and other bottom dwellers have high readings of radioactivity.

An analysis lab in Fukushima has reported 15,000 becquerels per kg, or six times the legally allowable content. (The studies, like all in Japan, use the controversial method of taking average readings from entire samples, instead of measuring hot spots that can be 5 times higher.)

– Along the boundaries of the two currents, gigantic eddies are spun off. The mixing of nutrient-rich cold water with the warm current spurs the genesis of marine life, spawning algae and the larvae of fish and invertebrates. The waters off eastern Japan form the world’s richest fishery.

Of special importance in the food chain are squid, cuttlefish and others in the cephalopod family, which comprise the basic source of protein for fish.

– The merged Liman and Kuroshio become the North Pacific Current, pushing eastward to North America. Large predatory species, including tuna and salmon, feed here on the contaminated squid and on small fishes like herring and mackerel.

– When the North Pacific Current hits the continental shelf, it divides. One stream veers northward along the Canadian and Alaskan coast, and then swings counterclockwise toward the Bering Strait and Kamchatka Peninsula. These areas are the breeding grounds of seals, walruses, whales and sea otters. The region is also a major supplier of salmon and sea cucumbers for the Asian markets.

– The other stream turns clockwise to the south, becoming the California Current, the breeding waters of sea lions, pelicans and humpback whales. That southern stream eventually splits into two new currents: the Equatorial Pacific, which moves from Mexico to the Philippines, where it rejoins the Kuroshio; and the Peruvian, heading southward along the coast of South America and then westward into the South Pacific.

Mega-scale fluid dynamics show that the Fukushima nuclear disaster will soon contaminate most of the vital fisheries of the Pacific, which comprises half of the world’s sea surface.

Over the 30-year half-life of cesium, radioactive isotopes will be recycled a dozen times or more. Once into the Southern Sea surrounding Antarctica, the radioactive substances will move into the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.

If some evil genius, a modern-day Captain Nemo, were to plan the extermination of life on Earth, there could hardly be a better spot for hatching this nefarious plot than Fukushima.

D-Day Won’t Wait

When will the radioactive waste arrive on the West Coast? The distance between northeast Japan and the Pacific Northwest is about 8,000 kilometers. The Kuroshio-North Pacific Current normally makes the passage in about six to seven months.

Heavier materials, such as timber, will move at about half that pace, but chemicals dissolved in the water have already started to reach the Pacific seaboard of North America, a reality being ignored by the U.S. and Canadian governments.

It is all-too easy for governments to downplay the threat. Radiation levels are difficult to detect in water, with readings often measuring 1/20th of the actual content.

Dilution is a major challenge, given the vast volume of sea water. Yet the fact remains that radioactive isotopes, including cesium, strontium, cobalt and plutonium, are present in sea water on a scale at least five times greater than the fallout over land in Japan.

According to a recent estimate by the France-based Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety, radioactive sea-dumping from Fukushima is 30 times the amount stated by the Tokyo Electric Power Company. The total amount leaked into the sea is closer to 27 quadrillion becquerels.

A quadrillion is 1,000 trillion. That does not include airborne isotopes that have fallen into the Pacific. Unlike those stories about arsenic, a tiny dose every day of cesium will not make one immune from its toxic effect.

Chemical Dependency

Japan along with many other industrial powers is addicted not just to nuclear power but also to the products from the chemical industry and petroleum producers.

Based on the work of the toxicologist in our consulting group who worked on nano-treatment system to destroy organic compounds in sewage (for the Hong Kong government), it is possible to outline the major types of hazardous chemicals released into sea water by the tsunami.

– Polychlorinated biphenols (PCBs), from destroyed electric-power transformers. PCBs are hormone disrupters that wreck reproductive organs, nerves and endocrine and immune system.

– Ethylene glycol, used as a coolant for freezer units in coastal seafood packing plans and as antifreeze in cars, causes damage to kidneys and other internal organs.

– The 9-11 carbon compounds in the water soluble fraction of gasoline and diesel cause cancers.

– Surfactants, including detergents, soap and laundry powder, are basic (versus to acidic) compounds that cause lesions on eyes, skin and intestines of fish and marine mammals.

– Pesticides from coastal farms, organophosphates that damage nerve cells and brain tissue.

– Drugs, from pharmacies and clinics swept out to sea, which in tiny amounts can trigger major side-effects.

Start of a Kill-Off

Radiation and chemical-affected sea creatures are showing up along the West Coast of North America, judging from reports of unusual injuries and mortality.

– Hundreds of large squid washed up dead on the Southern California coast in August (squid move much faster than the current).

– Pelicans are being punctured by attacking sea lions, apparently in competition for scarce fish.

– Orcas, killer whales, have been dying upstream in Alaskan rivers, where they normally would never seek shelter.

– Ringed seals, the main food source for polar bears in northern Alaska, are suffering lesions on their flippers and in their mouths. Since the Arctic seas are outside the flow from the North Pacific Current, these small mammals could be suffering from airborne nuclear fallout carried by the jet stream.

These initial reports indicate a decline in invertebrates, which are the feed stock of higher bony species. Squid, and perhaps eels, that form much of the ocean’s biomass are dying off. The decline in squid population is causing malnutrition and infighting among higher species.

Sea mammals, birds and larger fish are not directly dying from radiation poisoning it is too early for fatal cancers to development. They are dying from malnutrition and starvation because their more vulnerable prey are succumbing to the toxic mix of radiation and chemicals.

The vulnerability of invertebrates to radiation is being confirmed in waters immediately south of Fukushima. Japanese diving teams have reported a 90 percent decline in local abalone colonies and sea urchins or uni. The Mainichi newspaper speculated the losses were due to the tsunami.

Based on my youthful experience at body surfing and foraging in the region, I dispute that conjecture. These invertebrates can withstand the coast’s powerful rip-tide.

The only thing that dislodges them besides a crowbar is a small crab-like crustacean that catches them off-guard and quickly pries them off the rocks. Suction can’t pull these hardy gastropods off the rocks.

Tsunami action seems even unlikelier based on my discovery of hundreds of leather-backed sea slugs washed ashore near Choshi.

These unsightly bottom dwellers were not dragged out to sea but drifted down with the Liman current from Fukushima. Most were still barely alive and could eject water although with weak force, unlike a healthy sea squirt.

In contrast to most other invertebrates, the Tunicate group possesses enclosed circulatory systems, which gives them stronger resistance to radiation poisoning. Unlike the more vulnerable abalone, the sea slugs were going through slow death.

Taking Action:

Official denial and downplaying of the true extent of the Fukushima crisis prevented any effective responses that could have contained the toxic spillage into the Pacific.

Instead of containment, the Japanese government promoted sea-dumping of nuclear and chemical waste from the TEPCO Fukushima No.1 plant. The subsequent “decontamination” campaign using soapy water jets is transporting even more land-based toxins to the sea.

What can Americans and Canadians do to minimize the waste coming ashore? Since the federal governments in the U.S. (home of GE) and Canada (site of the Japanese-owned Cigar Lake uranium mine) have decided to do absolutely nothing, it is up to local communities to protect the coast.

First, it is much easier to tow solid waste by boat while it is still at sea than to manhandle the trash along the shore. Methods to net or grapple the beams and solid trash need to be worked out.

Second, rocky islets need to be identified as temporary holding centers for the flotsam.

Third, oil-spill booms can be installed around harbors and key coves in nature reserves to hold back solid waste and lighter liquid chemicals. Pressure from estuaries and brackish lagoon water can have a buffering effect to keep the most toxic waste at bay.

Fourth, self-enclosed incinerators with bio-filters need to be built to reduce the volume of solid waste to ash destined for a hazardous-waste landfill.

Fifth, the health monitoring system for fish needs to be expanded to cover a wider range of toxins including radioactive isotopes, with regular reporting to the public.

Sixth, contingency plans need to be devised in event of a kill-off of marine mammal populations or, worse, any massive impact on human health, for example in case of related contamination of rainwater. Policy must focus on species survival along with economic revival.

By Yoichi Shimatsu, Hong Kong-Based Environmental Consultant

Former General Editor Japan Times Weekly In Tokyo

Fukushima, Conspiracy, And Some People’s Agenda

A website claims Fukushima to be a major setup

After many years of research into mysteries and, unavoidably, conspiracies or – to call it with a more down-to-earth-name: cover ups – we have found out that often the one who defies the opinion of all others and who (seemingly) opposes mainstream opinions and information, is not necessarily the bad guy. So it is with Global Warming.

Is it the same with Fukushima?

Just a few days ago, an article debunking the dangers of the Fukushima incident, was flooding the Internet. The article seemingly showed well research facts and numbers and was shared by hundreds of people. The author of the article, Ken Adachi, claims a major conspiracy responsible for false information about the Fukushima incident the effects of which, according to what he writes, would be rather harmless.

jw4edff05fThe path of the Fukushima debris

It is a widely accepted fact that Fukushima is a much bigger problem than we could ever imagine, and lately lots of news have spread all over the media and the Internet that radioactive debris is being transported over the Pacific Ocean until the American West Coast.

Now, Ken Adachi’s website “Educate Yourself.org” comes up with a challenging statement:

“Fukushima Radiation Fear Mongering: An Orchestrated Scare Campaign Exceeding the Fraud of 9/11”.

According to this article, which is “a work in progress”, there’s an agenda behind the demonizing of nuclear power. The article  is a follow up of of Adachi’s first article

“Japan’s Radiation Scare Hugely Overblown by Western Media”,

which we will post here entirely to give an idea what the claims are about.

From Ken Adachi, Editor
http://educate-yourself.org/cn/japanradiationlevels19mar11.shtml
March 19, 2011

Japan Radiation Scare Hugely Overblown by Western Media (Mar. 19, 2011)

I visited a number of Japanese web sites yesterday to determine how much radiation is being reported around the Daiichi nuclear facility in Fukushima prefecture and also what the recorded levels were in Tokyo. As expected, the radiation levels in Tokyo BRIEFLY rose just slightly above normal background levels (0.03-0.04 u Gy/ h) on March 15, 2011 to an INSIGNIFICANT level of 0.809 MICRO Gray (or Sieverts), but only AVERAGED 0.109 u Gy/ h for the entire 24 hour peroid. On March 16, the AVERAGE radiation level in Tokyo fell to 0.0719 u Gy/ h and further fell to an average of 0.0511 u Gy/ h on March 17. The average background level of radiation in Tokyo on March 18, 2011 was 0.0484 u Gy/ h.

These numbers are no greater than the NORMAL background radiation level for Tokyo, yet seemingly thousands of westerners are streaming out of Tokyo as fast as possible based on the reckless abuse of the word “radiation” by western media outlets.

Please bear in mind that the highest reading recorded on March 15, 2011 was LESS than ONE micro Gray. If you flew round trip from Tokyo to New York you would absorb about 200 microGrays of radiation. A chest X-ray delivers about 50 microGrays; a stomach X-ray about 600 mircroGrays; and a CAT scan about 6900 microGrays. The yearly background radiation received in Brazil is about 10,000 microGrays while the yearly background radiation received in Tokyo is about 400 microGrays.

What is “Radiation”?

Many people do not understand that there is a difference between NUCLEAR, ionizing radiation and other forms of “radiation” such as electro-magnetic frequency (EMF) radiation or solar radiation or thermal radiation. For the Japan situation, we are only concerned with ionizing, nuclear radiation. This activity is due to particles or energy rays which are being thrown off from the nucleus of atoms undergoing nuclear fission. In nuclear fission, atoms are undergoing a transmutation from one element of the Perodic Table into other, different elements on the Perodic Table. Nuclear reactors break down uranium 235 down into different elements and release heat, radioactive particles and energy waves in the process. Traditional physics teaches that any element above lead in the Perodic Table exhibits ionizing radioactivity.

There are three types of waves being emitted with nuclear radiation:

1. Alpha waves: consists of two neutrons and two protons being emmited from the nuclei of radioactive material. They move relatively slowly and can be stopped with something as thin as paper or clothing.

2. Beta waves: are special nuclei electrons which were originally paired with positrons to make a neutron. When the neutron is split, the electrons fly off as Beta waves. They travel at nearly the speed of light. They can travel farther than alpha waves and can penetrate paper or clothing, but can be shielded from with metal or dense material like concrete or stone.

3. Gamma waves do not contain particles, but instead are pure energy waves, or radiant energy. They are similar to X-rays and can cause the greatest damage when considering the ill effects of nuclear radiation. They can penetrate most substances, but lose their power with the inverse ratio to distance from the source.

The radiation from these three types of waves is limited to the immediate vicinity of the nuclear reactor since this is the source of the nuclear fission process.

In the case of an atomic bomb blast, tons of radioactive material are thrown high up into the stratosphere by the chimnney effect of the mushroom cloud and the radioactive particles are carried along by the jet stream to distant locations. Same with Chernobyl, there was a substantial explosion (due to sabotage) that threw a great deal of radioactive material high into the atmosphere, which allowed for a wider distribution of radioactive fallout. But that has not been the case so far with Daiichi and there’s no reason to believe such an explosion will occur.

Here is a link to a Tokyo radiation monitoring site located in the Shinjuku area. Note that the highest reading occured briefly on March 15, but quickly returned to near- normal levels for every day since. This chart covers up to March 19, but you can access the latest chart by visiting the link.

http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/emergency/monitoring.tokyo-eiken.go.jp/monitoring/past_data.html

(dose rate) μGy/h
(microgray per hour)
(Measurement date) (max) (min) (average)
2011/03/19 0.0503 0.0426 0.0467
2011/03/18 0.0530 0.0443 0.0484
2011/03/17 0.0562 0.0460 0.0511
2011/03/16 0.161 0.0499 0.0719
2011/03/15 0.809 0.0318 0.109
2011/03/14 0.0377 0.0304 0.0341
2011/03/13 0.0383 0.0314 0.0343
2011/03/12 0.0384 0.0305 0.0342
2011/03/11 0.0376 0.0308 0.0341
2011/03/10 0.0372 0.0307 0.0338
2011/03/09 0.0379 0.0311 0.0343
2011/03/08 0.0388 0.0312 0.0343
2011/03/07 0.0440 0.0308 0.0366
2011/03/06 0.0377 0.0308 0.0343
2011/03/05 0.0374 0.0304 0.0339
2011/03/04 0.0375 0.031 0.0339
2011/03/03 0.0377 0.0304 0.0340
2011/03/02 0.0419 0.0311 0.0344
2011/03/01 0.0461 0.0313 0.0368

This link gives you the Toyko, Shinjuku hour by hour reading on minimum, maximum, and average reading for each day:

http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/emergency/monitoring.tokyo-eiken.go.jp/report/report_table.do.html

These readings are expressed as micro-Gray per hour (u Gy/ hr). Note: One Gray = one Sievert

One microGray = 0.000001 Gray

One milliGray = 1,000 microGrays

One Gray = 1,000 milliGrays

Western Media Scare Tactics Emphasize “Radiation” and Percentages

I heard a woman reporting from Tokyo for Free Speech Radio News (FSRN) on March 18, 2011 over KPFK radio (Los Angeles). She was clearly an anti-nuclear energy activist and wanted to hype the radiation story through the roof by declaring that “the radiation levels in Tokyo had risen 22% today” blah, blah, blah.

But she didn’t provide any hard numbers to support her story, only PERCENTAGES to sell her agenda. If the normal, average background radiation level in Tokyo is around 0.04 micro Grays and then elevates to 0.08 micro Grays, that works out to a ONE HUNDRED PERCENT increase in the background radiation level, but it’s STILL utterly INSIGNIFICANT. To suggest (by omission) that the radiation dangers to Tokyo were threatening, when no threat actually existed, is flat out deception. And that’s what I found to be the case with most AM and FM radio stations reporting on the Japan radiation story.

Tohoku University in Sendai City, Miyagi prefecture, about 100 km north of Daiichi, reported background average reading of 0.13 micro Grays on March 19.

Ken Adachi

The full article of the second part, “Fukushima Radiation Fear Mongering: An Orchestrated Scare Campaign Exceeding the Fraud of 9/11”, can be read here.

In the meantime, Enenews reports:

“White ‘goo’ everywhere in Alaska seal, crows won’t touch it… yet they eat people’s roofs — Slime in ones mouth, kidney almost black — Another appeared to change color — Hairless one seen recently: “We all still have sick seals here!”, 

1qWhite “goo” in Alaskan salmon

“TV: After seeing that map with massive amount of nuclear waste headed to West Coast… There’s going to be impacts — Reporter: And radioactive water still hasn’t stopped flowing from Fukushima into Pacific (VIDEO),  (Video gone)

and

“CBS: Tepco says fuel removal even worse than Gundersen’s analogy — It’s like pulling ‘lit’ cigarettes from a crushed pack — Going to get far more difficult in future” (VIDEO

All fraud, says Adachi.

“Another web site that leads the pack in pounding away at the Fukushima radiation party line is enenews.com. This web site ONLY posts articles exclusively devoted to driving home the Fukushima fear package. According to Whois-search, this web site was created on March 16, 2011 and quickly zoomed to a very high alexa.com traffic ranking of 26,000 for world traffic and 7,700 for the USA (by comparison, educate-yourself.org currently ranks 61,000 world and 21,000 USA; while rense.com currently ranks at 7,600 world and 2.800 USA). How is it that a web site that is only one year old, and devoted to one topic, could rise to such a high ranking plateau without lots of money, technological savoir faire, and busy worker bees to make that happen so quickly? (Hint: Oil & natural gas energy companies that want to push nuclear energy competitors out of the way)

So who’s behind this web site? No one knows because the identity of the owners are hidden. The Administrative Contact given at WhoIs is “DomainSecrecy.net, Private Registrant (1331838379@domainsecrecy.net)” located in Providence, Utah. The Technical Contact is “UK2 Group, Technical Support (domainmaster@westhost.com)”, also located at the same address in Providence, Utah. The Registrar is ENOM Inc.; a seller of domain names and security services.

Here’s a smapling of the “Latest Headlines” at enenews.com:

Ambassador’s comments translated by Asahi: Another accident at No. 4 reactor building could cause the “final catastrophe of the world” (03:43 PM EST on May 21st, 2012 | 3 comments)

Gundersen: Pyrophoric fire if fuel rods in Unit 4 pool are not cooled — Potential contamination of entire northern hemisphere (VIDEO)
(02:30 PM EST on May 21st, 2012 | 9 comments)

Reporters repeatedly ask gov’t why it does not consider worst-case scenarios at Unit 4 and get help from foreign experts (01:39 PM EST on May 21st, 2012 | 8 comments

There are hundreds of articles posted at enenews.com with similar fear-invoking titles. The message?

Get out of nuclear energy as fast as possible or we’re all doomed to die from radiation poisoning!”

So, where is the truth?

In first place, we googled “Ken Adachi” and found the following article by Wikipedia: “Ken Adachi (1929 – February 9, 1989) was a Canadian writer and literary critic, who was associated with the Toronto Star‘s literary section from 1976 until his death.”

So, Ken Adachi is dead. Of course there are people who have exactly the same name. In any case, “Ken Adachi” is not very common. There’s nothing else about Ken Adachi on the net that could be considered direct objective information – only articles in forums.

While still wondering about the name, we punctually encountrered the confirmation about Ken Adachi being an alias. Barbara Hartwell states in her artcile “‘Educate Yourself’ About Ken Adachi: Coward, Charlatan, Hypocrite, Malicious Liar“:

“Following are comments written by Ken Presner, excerpts which I have taken from an article on his website, exposing Ken Adachi as a malicious liar, a coward, a hypocrite and charlatan.

Thanks to my friend Sherri Kane for providing the link. Sherri Kane and Dr. Len Horowitz have also been targeted by Ken Adachi for one of his massive libel campaigns, as have Barbara Hartwell, ex-FBI agent Geral Sosbee and other legitimate journalists and whistleblowers.

Ken Adachi has wreaked havoc in the lives of many decent people. His outrageous fabrications about his Targets have resulted in extreme damages. “Ken Adachi” is using a false name, just as he posts false information galore on his website. Those who have tried to file a lawsuit against this  criminal charlatan have found themselves at a dead end.

Ken Adachi has been cited by many watchdog organizations for “health fraud”, “mail fraud”, and for ripping off the public with his scams.”

On the page “Internettruth.org”, we finally find what we were looking for:

“Ken Adachi is reportedly ROBERT ARTHUR BOUDREAU aka PETER BOUDREAU…. and previous last address in BRIDGEPORT Connecticut before his move to COSTA MESA in 1994 or so (I have this home address also) with his wife KAYOKO ADACHI aka K. ADACHI…which then became KEN ADACHI about 1997…what I’d like to know also is WHY the Canadian Ministry of Justice was looking for him at the time of his move to CA since he was running away from a business and personal bankrupcy in Connecticut…” (Tim White)

Adachi reportedly discredited himself completely by reporting to readers that he was in communication with General Jeremiah of the ‘Galactic Alliance’. General Jeremiah reportedly called into Adachi’s radio show and sent emails from deep space (must have been a wireless router) claiming that he and a group of ninja warriors were defusing hidden nuclear weapons under the Dome of the Rock. We believe he is a MAJOR DISINFO AGENT.”

Well, “General Jeremiah” of the “Galactic Alliance” sounds rather strange to us.

But who is Robert Arthur Boudreau, and which might be his interest in debunking the claims of catastrophic effects of the Fukushima incident?

Is it true, on the other hand, that lots of animals are already being affected by the effects of the radioactive debirs floating through the Pacific Ocean?

The answer is here.

Basically, we’d say: someone who claims the effects of the Fukushima incident to be more or less harmless doesn’t seem a reliable source. It’s not that the authorities have been screaming how bad the consequences of the Fukushima catastrophe actually are. Quite the opposite: a bizarre silence has been around Fukushima all the time. If it weren’t for off-mainstream-media and private investigators, the consequences of the Fukushima incident would be even more covered up. So – where is this big “orchestrated scare campaign”, actually?

Furthermore, there is no reason to make a harmless technology out of nuclear power. Nuclear power plants need water and are therefore being bult close to it – be it oceans or rivers. Once radioactive debris enters an ocean, there’s always the problem that the debris is being transported by the currents. Anything built close to an ocean is in a more dangerous position than elsewhere. Rivers often flow over geological fracture zones and hold therefore the danger of earthquakes. Even if the chances of natural disaster are small in a given place – if it happens, the effects may be so devastating that they make entire areas, even of major dimension, inhabitable for hundreds of years. There is no guarantee for any place on Earth to not be hit at any time by any kind of disaster. So, however disastreous the consequences of the Fukushima incident actually are – they shoud be the turning point in energy politics.

“Ken Adachi” comes with numbers and seemingly science-based information. He would be a good agent for whoever might have an interest in promoting nuclear power. Digging deeper, his claims are not that scientific at all and try to confuse the reader, introducing different forms of radiation which has nothing to do with the actual subject. We know nobody who, saying radioactivity, means any other kind of radiation.

So the question remains: who is Ken Adachi, and why does he try to debunk the dangers of nuclear power? How many disinfo-agents are out there, what is their purpose, and who is eventually behind them?

Sources: CBS News; Enenews; Educate Yourself.org; Internettruth.org; Barbara Hartwell blogspot

Image credit: http://i2.wp.com/www.scriptonitedaily.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/C73.jpg

Strange Sounds: One Of The Weirdest Mysteries Of All

Strange sounds have been heard around the globe for almost two years now. Thousands of witnesses reported such events, yet nobody has been able to provide a satisfying explanation for them. A scientific attempt of explanation was given in 2012 by Russian geophysicist Elchin Khalilov, but his claims could not explain all of the ongoing phenomenon. And although in 2012 some Christian activists put  videos with faked trumpet-like sounds on YouTube to recall the trumpet sounds of the Apocalypse of St. John, the collective testimony of thousands of people all over the globe proves that indeed the phenomenon is real.

soundsMap of strange sounds heard worldwide

And it is going on. Even scientists are baffled by the phenomenon and its persistance, and lots of theories have come out since it first appeared. The story has lost the interest of the masses after the Apocalypse didn’t happen in 2012. However, the sounds are being heard worldwide and are still unexplained.

Some of the theories for what these sounds are include:

–> UFO battles being waged far above the planet

–> Opening and closing of stargates or wormholes to allow alien craft entrance and exit of Earth.

–> Fracking, the extracting of natural gas from shale and controversial topic of environmental impact. (1)

–> HAARP (High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program) notes played via technology that creates whistler waves of electromagnetic discharges. (2)

–> The Earth is shifting into another dimension due to an increase in the frequency pattern. The process is often referred to as Gaia giving birth so that the Earth is reborn. (3)

–> Ongoing construction of secret Deep Underground Military Bases (DUMBs) (4)

–> Vactrain sounds from the vibrations of the Mach1 speeds being reached by the secret massive underground intercontinental transit system some believe exists. (5)

–> Expanding Earth theory that holds the cause of the Earth’s oceans and continental drift is due to the planet growing in mass and size. The sounds are literally growing pains. (6)

While all these theories may capture the imagination, the underlying issue of a major phenomena going on all around the world remains unanswered. And, this big question mark makes the ideal fodder for conspiracy theories that also encompasses the end of the world signs.

The last case of strange sounds being heard by an entire community happened in Kentucky:

An interactive map and list of reports of the phenomenon is being provided by strangesounds.org .

 

Image credit: maven2379

Memo on purported UFO discovery in New Mexico becomes most read file in FBI’s electronic reading room

FBI UFO MemoThis 1950 document released by the FBI under the Freedom of Information and Privacy Acts Section, shows a Federal Bureau of Investigation report of “flying saucers” in New Mexico sent to then-Director J. Edgar Hoover in 1950. The document has become the FBI’s most popular file in the bureau’s electronic reading room.

A single-page FBI memo relaying a vague and unconfirmed report of flying saucers found in New Mexico in 1950 has become the most popular file in the bureau’s electronic reading room.

The memo, dated March 22, 1950, was sent by FBI Washington, D.C. field office chief Guy Hottel to then-Director J. Edgar Hoover.

According to the FBI, the document was first made public in the late 1970s and more recently has been available in the “Vault,” an electronic reading room launched by the agency in 2011, where it has become the most popular item, viewed nearly 1 million times. The Vault contains around 6,700 public documents.

Vaguely written, the memo describes a story told by an unnamed third party who claims an Air Force investigator reported that three flying saucers were recovered in New Mexico, though the memo doesn’t say exactly where in the state. The FBI indexed the report for its files but did not investigate further; the name of an “informant” reporting some of the information is blacked out in the memo.

The memo offers several bizarre details.

Inside each saucer, “each one was occupied by three bodies of human shape but only 3 feet tall, dressed in metallic cloth of a very fine texture,” according to the report. “Each body was bandaged in a manner similar to the blackout suits used by speed fliers and test pilots.”

The saucers were found in New Mexico because the government had a high-powered radar set up in the area and it is believed the radar interfered with the controlling mechanism of the UFOs, according to the informant.

The FBI filed the typed page neatly away 63 years ago at its headquarters and “no further evaluation was attempted.”

The memo does not appear to be related to the 1947 case in Roswell, New Mexico when Air Force officials said they recovered a UFO, only later to recant and say it was a research balloon.

“For a few years after the Roswell incident, Director (J. Edgar) Hoover did order his agents — at the request of the Air Force — to verify any UFO sightings,” the FBI said Thursday. “That practice ended in July 1950, four months after the Hottel memo. Suggesting that our Washington Field Office didn’t think enough of that flying saucer story to look into it.”

FBI UFO MemoA Federal Bureau of Investigation report of “flying saucers” in New Mexico sent to then-Director J. Edgar Hoover in 1950.

Source: National Post

Image credit: Slashgear

Video

Morgellons Real or Delusion?

Morgellons (also called Morgellons disease or Morgellons syndrome) is a name given to a condition in 2002 by Mary Leitao[1] in which sufferers have the delusional belief that they are infested with disease-causing agents described as things like insects, parasites, hairs or fibers, but in reality no such things are present. (Wikipedia).

Since 2002, more and more cases of Morgellons have been appearing all over the globe. The people affected suffer terrible pain and have completely to change their lives, yet doctors, unable to determine the cause, declare this disease delusional and attribute it to altered pychological conditions.

However, this seems to be utterly wrong. Mysterious fibers were discovered under people’s skin. They show a behavior similar to living organisms.

Spy Agencies Tap Data Streaming From Phone Apps

By JAMES GLANZ, JEFF LARSON and ANDREW W. LEHREN

When a smartphone user opens Angry Birds, the popular game application, and starts slinging birds at chortling green pigs, spies could be lurking in the background to snatch data revealing the player’s location, age, sex and other personal information, according to secret British intelligence documents.

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In their globe-spanning surveillance for terrorism suspects and other targets, the National Security Agency and its British counterpart have been trying to exploit a basic byproduct of modern telecommunications: With each new generation of mobile phone technology, ever greater amounts of personal data pour onto networks where spies can pick it up.

According to dozens of previously undisclosed classified documents, among the most valuable of those unintended intelligence tools are so-called leaky apps that spew everything from the smartphone identification codes of users to where they have been that day.

imageThe N.S.A. and Britain’s Government Communications Headquarters were working together on how to collect and store data from dozens of smartphone apps by 2007, according to the documents, provided by Edward J. Snowden, the former N.S.A. contractor. Since then, the agencies have recipes for grabbing location and planning data when a target uses Google Maps, and for vacuuming up address books, buddy lists, telephone logs and the geographic data embedded in photographs when someone sends a post to the mobile versions of Facebook, Flickr, LinkedIn, Twitter and other Internet services.

The eavesdroppers’ pursuit of mobile networks has been outlined in earlier reports, but the secret documents, shared by The New York Times, The Guardian and ProPublica, offer far more details of their ambitions for smartphones and the apps that run on them. The efforts were part of an initiative called “the mobile surge,” according to a 2011 British document, an analogy to the troop surges in Iraq and Afghanistan. An N.S.A. analyst’s enthusiasm was evident in the breathless title — “Golden Nugget!” — given to a slide for a top-secret talk in 2010 that described iPhones and Android phones as rich resources, another document noted.

The scale and the specifics of the data haul are not clear. The documents show that the N.S.A. and the British agency routinely obtain information from certain apps, particularly those introduced earliest to cellphones. With some newer apps, including Angry Birds, the agencies have a similar ability, the documents show, but they do not make explicit whether the spies have put that into practice. Some personal data, developed in profiles by advertising companies, could be particularly sensitive: A secret British intelligence document from 2012 said that spies can scrub smartphone apps to collect details like a user’s “political alignment” and sexual orientation. 20140128-092652.jpg

President Obama announced new restrictions this month to better protect the privacy of ordinary Americans and foreigners from government surveillance, including limits on how the N.S.A. can view the metadata of Americans’ phone calls — the routing information, time stamps and other data associated with calls. But he did not address the information that the intelligence agencies get from leaky apps and other smartphone functions.

And while Mr. Obama expressed concern about advertising companies that collect information on people to send tailored ads to their mobile phones, he offered no hint that American spies have routinely seized that data. Nothing in the secret reports indicates that the companies cooperated with the spy agencies to share the information; the topic is not addressed.

The agencies have long been intercepting earlier generations of cellphone traffic like text messages and metadata from nearly every segment of the mobile network — and, more recently, computer traffic running on Internet pipelines. Because those same networks carry the rush of data from leaky apps, the agencies have a ready-made way to collect and store this new resource. The documents do not address how many users might be affected, whether they include Americans or how often, with so much information collected automatically, analysts would see personal data.

“N.S.A. does not profile everyday Americans as it carries out its foreign intelligence mission,” the agency wrote in response to questions about the program. “Because some data of U.S. persons may at times be incidentally collected in N.S.A.’s lawful foreign intelligence mission, privacy protections for U.S. persons exist across the entire process.” Similar protections, the agency said, are in place for “innocent foreign citizens.”

The British spy agency declined to comment on any specific program, but said all its activities complied with British law.
Two top-secret flow charts produced by the British agency in 2012 showed incoming streams of information skimmed from smartphone traffic by the Americans and the British. The streams were divided into “traditional telephony” — metadata — and others marked “social apps,” “geo apps,” “http linking,” webmail, MMS and traffic associated with mobile ads, among others. (MMS refers to the mobile system for sending pictures and other multimedia, and http is the protocol for linking to websites.)

In charts showing how information flows from smartphones into the agency’s computers, analysts included questions to be answered by the data, like “Where was my target when they did this?” and “Where is my target going?”

As the program accelerated, the N.S.A. nearly quadrupled its budget in a single year, to $767 million in 2007 from $204 million, according to a top-secret analysis written by Canadian intelligence around the same time.

Even sophisticated users are often unaware of how smartphones offer spies a unique opportunity for one-stop shopping for information. “By having these devices in our pockets and using them more and more,” said Philippe Langlois, who has studied the vulnerabilities of mobile phone networks and is the founder of the Paris-based company Priority One Security, “you’re somehow becoming a sensor for the world intelligence community.”

Smartphones almost seem to make things too easy. Functioning as phones to make calls and send texts and as computers to surf the web and send emails, they both generate and rely on data. One secret report showed that just by updating Android software, a user sent more than 500 lines of data about the phone’s history and use onto the network.

Detailed Profiles

Such information helps mobile advertising companies, for example, create detailed profiles of people based on how they use their mobile device, where they travel, what apps and websites they open, and other factors. Advertising firms might triangulate web shopping data and browsing history to guess whether someone is wealthy or has children.

The N.S.A. and the British agency busily scoop up this data, mining it for new information and comparing it with their lists of intelligence targets.

One secret British document from 2010 suggested that the agencies collected such a huge volume of “cookies” — the digital traces left on a mobile device or a computer when a target visits a website — that classified computers were having trouble storing it all.

“They are gathered in bulk, and are currently our single largest type of events,” the document said.

The two agencies displayed a particular interest in Google Maps, which is accurate to within a few yards or better in some locations. Intelligence agencies collected so much data from the app that “you’ll be able to clone Google’s database” of global searches for directions, according to a top-secret N.S.A. report from 2007.

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“It effectively means that anyone using Google Maps on a smartphone is working in support of a GCHQ system,” a secret 2008 report by the British agency said.

(In December, The Washington Post, citing the Snowden documents, reported that the N.S.A. was using metadata to track cellphone locations outside the United States and was using ad cookies to connect Internet addresses with physical locations.)
In another example, a secret 20-page British report dated 2012 included the computer code needed for plucking the profiles generated when Android users play Angry Birds. The app was created by Rovio Entertainment, of Finland, and has been downloaded more than a billion times, the company has said.

Rovio drew public criticism in 2012 when researchers claimed that the app was tracking users’ locations and gathering other data and passing it to mobile ad companies. In a statement on its website, Rovio says that it may collect its users’ personal data, but that it abides by some restrictions. For example, the statement says, “Rovio does not knowingly collect personal information from children under 13 years of age.”

imageThe secret report noted that the profiles vary depending on which of the ad companies — which include Burstly and Google’s ad services, two of the largest online advertising businesses — compiles them. Most profiles contain a string of characters that identifies the phone, along with basic data on the user like age, sex and location. One profile notes whether the user is currently listening to music or making a call, and another has an entry for household income.

Google declined to comment for this article, and Burstly did not respond to multiple requests for comment. Saara Bergstrom, a Rovio spokeswoman, said the company had no knowledge of the intelligence programs. “Nor do we have any involvement with the organizations you mentioned,” Ms. Bergstrom said, referring to the N.S.A. and the British spy agency.

Another ad company creates far more intrusive profiles that the agencies can retrieve, the report said. The names of the apps that generate those profiles were not given, but the company was identified as Millennial Media, which has its headquarters in Baltimore.

In securities filings, Millennial documented how it began working with Rovio in 2011 to embed ad services in Angry Birds apps running on iPhones, Android phones and other devices.

According to the report, the profiles created by Millennial contain much of the same information as others, but several categories that are listed as “optional,” including ethnicity, marital status and sexual orientation, suggest that much wider sweeps of personal data may take place.
Millennial Media declined to comment for this article.

Possible categories for marital status, the secret report said, include single, married, divorced, engaged and “swinger”; those for sexual orientation are straight, gay, bisexual and “not sure.” It is unclear whether the “not sure” category exists because so many phone apps are used by children, or because insufficient data may be available.

There is no explanation of precisely how the ad company defined the categories, whether users volunteered the information or whether the company inferred it by other means. Nor is there any discussion of why all that information would be useful for marketing — or intelligence.

Unwieldy Heaps

The agencies have had occasional success, at least by their own reckoning, when they start with something closer to a traditional investigative tip or lead. The spies say that tracking smartphone traffic helped break up a bomb plot by Al Qaeda in Germany in 2007, and the N.S.A. boasted that to crack the plot, it wove together mobile data with emails, logins and web traffic. Similarly, mining smartphone data helped lead to the arrests of members of a drug cartel hit squad in the killing of an American Consulate employee in Mexico in 2010.

But the data, whose volume is soaring as mobile devices have begun to dominate the technological landscape, is a crushing amount of information for the spies to sift through. As smartphone data builds up in N.S.A. and British databases, the agencies sometimes seem a bit at a loss on what to do with it all, the documents show. A few isolated experiments provide hints as to how unwieldy the data can be.

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In 2009, the American and British spy agencies each undertook a brute-force analysis of a tiny sliver of their cellphone databases. Crunching just one month of N.S.A. cellphone data, a secret report said, required 120 computers and turned up 8,615,650 “actors” — apparently callers of interest. A similar run using three months of British data came up with 24,760,289 actors.
“Not necessarily straightforward,” the report said of the analysis.

The agencies’ extensive computer operations had trouble sorting through the slice of data. Analysts were “dealing with immaturity,” the report said, encountering computer memory and processing problems. The report made no mention of anything suspicious in the data.

Ginger Thompson contributed reporting. Jeff Larson is a reporter at ProPublica.

PUBLISHED 27. JANUAR 2014

Source: The New York Times

Ayahuasca Against Cancer

Spectacular research results:  Psychedelic drug ayahuasca could help in battle against cancer, researcher says

ayahuasca_layering_leaf_and_vine_main_0A powerful psychedelic brew consumed by shamans deep in the Amazon could help in the fight against cancer and should be researched, according to a Brazilian scientist.

Ayahuasca — meaning the “vine of the souls” – is traditionally prepared using the Banisteriopsis caapi vine and Psychotria viridis leaves, though other combinations of plants are sometimes used. Psychotria viridis contains N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT) in the leaves, while Banisteriopsis caapi contains beta-carbolines such as harmine and harmaline.

For centuries, the psychedelic brew has been used in shamanistic healing rituals. A Natural Geographic reporter who participated in an ayahuasca ritual described the experience as “terrifying—but enlightening.”

Eduardo E. Schenberg of the Federal University of Sao Paulo thinks some of the healing powers attributed to ayahuasca deserve scientific attention, particularly when it comes to cancer.

“There is enough available evidence that ayahuasca’s active principles, especially DMT and harmine, have positive effects in some cell cultures used to study cancer, and in biochemical processes dan-hardy-Ayahuasca-tripimportant in cancer treatment, both in vitro and in vivo,” he wrote in an article published in SAGE Open Medicine. ”Therefore, the few available reports of people benefiting from ayahuasca in their cancer treatment experiences should be taken seriously, and the hypothesis presented here, fully testable by rigorous scientific experimentation, helps to understand the available cases and pave the way for new experiments.”

Rumors of ayahuasca helping people with cancer are common, according to Schenberg, and there are at least nine case reports of cancer patients using ayahuasca during their treatment. Of these nine reports, three showed improvements after consuming the psychedelic brew.

Rumors and less than a dozen case reports are hardly substantial evidence. But the physiological effects of the drug suggests there might be some truth behind them, Schenberg said.

DMT produces a powerful psychedelic experience by binding to serotonin receptors in the brain. More importantly, for Schenberg, the drug also binds to the sigma 1 receptor, which is found throughout the body and is involved in many cellular functions. The sigma 1 receptor appears to be implicated in the death signalling of cancer cells.

In addition, harmine has been shown to induce the death of some cancer cells and inhibit the proliferation of human carcinoma cells.

Other physiological factors suggest the combination of DMT and harmine could have medically-important antitumor effects, though more research is need.

peruAyahuasca ceremony in Peru

“In summary, it is hypothesized that the combined actions of β-carbolines and DMT present in ayahuasca may diminish tumor blood supply, activate apoptotic pathways, diminish cell proliferation, and change the energetic metabolic imbalance of cancer cells, which is known as the Warburg effect,” Schenberg  wrote. ”Therefore, ayahuasca may act on cancer hallmarks such as angiogenesis, apoptosis, and cell metabolism. ”

DMT is currently prohibited as a Schedule I drug by the U.S. Controlled Substances Act and the international Convention on Psychotropic Substances. The drug is relatively unknown compared to other illicit substances like cannabis, but researchers have found that DMT appears to be increasing in popularity.

“If ayahuasca is scientifically proven to have the healing potentials long recorded by anthropologists, explorers, and ethnobotanistsoutlawing ayahuasca or its medical use and denying people adequate access to its curative effects could be perceived as an infringement on human rights, a serious issue that demands careful and thorough discussion,” Schenberg wrote.

Source: PsyPost

Image credits: Asociancionicaro.org; Medicinhunter; karmajello

Monsanto’s Bt-Toxins Found to Kill Human Embryo Cells

Many individuals have heard it a million times, but for the uninformed, or those just looking to fuel their 2014 fire to finally defeat Monsanto and their cronies, you’ll be interested to know that Monsanto’s Bt-toxin is far from ‘safe’ as the chemical company claimed it would be when filing their papers with the FDA. New research from Canada show that BT toxins are showing up in pregnant women, and low and behold – they are killing human embryo cells. 2014 is the year of the horse, but we’re not through beating this one to death.

It’s called reproductive toxicology, and just like their suicide seeds, these Bt toxins are starting to kill our own unborn children. This is no exaggeration. Hopefully reading further will compel you to take action. It is time to put Monsanto to rest, bankrupt them, and let the world know their ‘secrets’ near and far.

Bt toxins are prominent in genetically altered crops such as corn, soy, wheat, and others, called Cry1Ab – and they can be lethal. Not only do these cry-toxins target the kidney cells of developing human fetuses, but when Cry1Ab and Cry1Ac are combined with RoundUp, they can delay apoptosis of human cancer cells. What’s worse, glyphosate, the main ingredient in RoundUp, also causes necrosis – i.e. the death of human tissue, and this happens even when the substance is found in much smaller amounts than what is currently being used on our agricultural crops. The stuff is still carcinogenic in the parts per trillion range.

In its rush to remain the ‘agricultural leader’ of the world, the US government erected defunct regulatory bodies that have no means to truly examine the ramifications of biotechnology on our food. The National Institute of Health (NIH) is a joke and the FDA gave Monsanto an indefinite hall pass to cause mayhem on the food supply.

More people need to file lawsuits against this company until they are without one red cent to continue poisoning the planet and killing our unborn babies. The Organic Seed Grower’s Association sued Monsanto in 2011, and Idaho wheat growers are suing Monsanto for cross-contamination, but what about parental groups? Mother’s Against Drunk Driving was formed when a mom lost her baby to a drunk driver. Perhaps the mothers who face reproductive failure due to Monsanto’s hand can sue them collectively.

The FDA’s internal memos about their concerns surrounding GMO seed crops recently surfaced in one lawsuit, though the public was never meant to see them. GMO foods are not the foods we have always eaten. This is an outright lie.

Any lawyers out there willing to go against the monopoly? I’d sign a class action suit today. Would you? In the meantime, utilize these 5 tips for avoiding GMOs while you write your local senator, state representatives, congressman, and president.

Source: Nation of Change

Ancient Knowledge And The Mysterious Origins Of Man: Astrotheology

Astrotheology of the Ancients

by D.M. Murdock/Acharya S

Introduction

The further one regresses in time, the more obvious it becomes that the principal and Sunrise shows the beauty of naturesingular religious worship found around the globe has revolved around nature. This nature worship has included reverence not only for the earth, its creatures and their fecundity, but also for the sun, moon, planets and stars. For many thousands of years, man has looked to the skies and become awestruck by what he has observed. This awe has led to the reverence and worship both of the night and day skies, an adoration called “astrotheology.” While fertility worship has constituted an important and prevalent part of the human religion, little has astonished humankind more than the sky, with its enormous, blazing, white day orb in the azure expanse, and with its infinite, twinkling, black night dome. So fascinated by the sky, or heavens, has been man that he has created entire religions, with organized priesthoods, complex rituals and massive edifices, in order to tell its story.

The story begins, as far back as the current evidence reveals, with the night sky as the primary focus of pre-agricultural, nomadic peoples. The night sky held Night Sky imageparticular importance in the lives of desert nomads, because the fiery sun was a hindrance to them, while the cool night allowed them to travel. In traveling by night, these desert nomads became keenly aware of the night sky’s various landmarks, including the stars, planets and moon. The nomads noticed regularity and began to chart the skies, hoping to divine omens, portents and signs. Others who developed this astronomical science included ancient mariners who journeyed thousands of miles through the open seas, such as the Polynesians, whose long, Pacific voyages have been estimated to have begun at least 30,000 years ago. The astronomical science allowed the ancients to predict weather patterns, the turn of seasons and attendant climate changes, as well as comets, asteroids and meteors menacing the earth. This archaeoastronomy was an accurate prognosticator for daily, weekly, monthly and yearly events. Indeed, it was an augur for the changes of entire ages, some of which, as in the chronologies of the Maya, Babylonians and Hindus, extend back hundreds of thousands or millions of years.

Determining the archaeoastronomy requires the use of astronomy, archaeology, ethnography and other sciences to study legends, texts, artifacts and architectural remains. Such fascinating relics include rock paintings, megalithic structures, calendars and medicine wheels. Cultural remains and ruins globally demonstrate the ancients’ interest in and knowledge of “the complex regularity of the motions of the sun, moon, and stars and…unusual occurrences such as the appearance of a nova or comet in the sky.”… (26-27)

That ancient peoples, including those thought to be “primitive,” possessed this impressive knowledge, which required precise geometrical capacity as well as astronomical expertise, is a fact. That they went to extraordinary lengths to encapsulate and memorialize it is also a fact. Another fact is that the depth of inspiration and passion reflected by these remains is indicative of the ancients’ astrotheological religious tendencies.

The astronomical science of the ancients is the same used today to determine full moons, eclipses, conjunctions and other cosmic events both past and future. It is because of the ancient study that we have this capability today, although our abilities are just beginning to catch up to the archaeoastronomy of such peoples as the Maya and their forebears. This regression and loss of knowledge is due to cataclysm and destruction of human culture. Yet, the basics of this important knowledge were preserved because the ancients used myths as mnemonic devices passed along from generation to generation. This tradition was especially important during the thousands of years when writing was either non-existent or limited. Unfortunately, the key to this knowledge was nevertheless often lost, as the myths became believed as “historical fact.”… (28)

Zodiac in the synagogue at Beit Alpha, IsraelAstronomical or astrotheological knowledge reaches back to the dawn of humanity, appearing widespread and becoming highly developed over a period of millennia. In its entry on “Astrology,” the Catholic Encyclopedia describes the development of this archaic science in the ancient world:

The history of astrology is an important part of the history of the development of civilization, it goes back to the early days of the human race…. Astrology was…the foster-sister of astronomy, the science of the investigation of the heavens…. According to the belief of the early civilized races of the East, the stars were the source and at the same time the heralds of everything that happened, and the right to study the “godlike science” of astrology was a privilege of the priesthood. This was the case in Mesopotamia and Egypt, the oldest centres of civilization known to us in the East. The most ancient dwellers on the Euphrates, the Akkado-Sumerians, were believers in judicial astrology, which was closely interwoven with their worship of the stars. The same is true of their successors, the Babylonians and Assyrians, who were the chief exponents of astrology in antiquity…. The Assyro-Babylonian priests (Chaldeans) were the professional astrologers of classical antiquity. In its origin Chaldaic astrology also goes back to the worship of stars; this is proved by the religious symbolism of the most ancient cuneiform texts of the zodiac. The oldest astrological document extant is the work called “Namar-Beli” (Illumination of Bel) composed for King Sargon I (end of the third millennium B.C.) and contained in the cuneiform library of King Asurbanipal (668-626 B.C.)…. Even in the time of Chaldean, which should be called Assyrian, astrology, the five planets, together with the sun and moon, were divided according to their character and their position in the zodiac as well as according to their position in the twelve houses. As star of the sun, Saturn was the great planet and ruler of the heavens…. The Egyptians and Hindus were as zealous astrologers as the nations on the Euphrates and Tigris. The dependence of the early Egyptian star (sun) worship (the basis of the worship of Osiris) upon early Chaldaic influences belongs to the still unsettled question of the origin of early Egyptian civilization.

Thus, astrology – a “godlike science”—dates back thousands of years and has been an important part of human civilization. According to mainstream archaeology, the oldest extant text specifically addressing “astrology” dates from the 3rd millennium BCE; yet, the astrological religion or astrotheology is recorded abundantly in Indian, Egyptian and Sumerian sacred literature as well, some of which represents traditions much older than the third millennium. Also, as noted, megalithic ruins push astronomical knowledge back at least 6,000 to 6,500 years ago, while ancient mariners reveal such knowledge dating to 30,000 or more years ago…. (29-30)

In The Roots of Civilization, archaeologist Alexander Marshack discusses “calendar sticks,” or ancient bones with markings that Marshack determined represented lunar calendars, dating to at least 25,000 or 35,000 years ago. One of these artifacts is the “Ishango bone” discovered at Lake Edward in Zaire, and possibly dating to 18,000-23,000 BCE. Marshack found other such bones, from the Upper Paleolithic (30,000-10,000 BCE) or Aurignacian culture. Marshack’s contention that they are lunar calendars is not “set in stone,” but there is more than good reason to assume it to be accurate. In his book In Search of Ancient Astronomies, astronomer and past-director of Los Angeles’s Griffith Observatory, Dr. Edwin Krupp, relates:

Blanchard bone marks lunar cyclesThe Blanchard bone, a small piece of bone found in the Dordogne region of France inscribed by some Cro-Magnon individual about twenty thousand years ago, has a complicated pattern of marks. The shapes of the marks vary, and the sequence curves around in a serpentine pattern. In Marshack’s view the turns in the sequence represent, on one side, the times of dark, new moon, and on the other, bright full moon. Statistical analyses may not support Marshack’ s interpretations, but similar batons and sticks are carved for the same purpose by the Nicobar Islanders in the Bay of Bengal.”

Venus of Laussel holding horn with 13 notches, marking the moon and menseAt the very least, these bones demonstrate that the ancients knew how to count, to a certain point. The thesis that these bone markings also reflect the “moons” or menstrual periods of women is likewise sound; hence, it has been suggested, women were the “first mathematicians.” One of these women is represented on an 18-inch bas-relief called the “Venus of Laussel,” an image dating to the Aurignacian era, some 21,000 years ago. Originally painted in red ochre, suggesting menstrual blood, the Venus holds a curved bison horn with 13 notches, which represent the crescent moon and, apparently, the “Universal Vulva,” along with the annual lunar months and women’s menses. Significantly, the average menstrual cycle is 29.5 days, the same as the lunar month; hence, the two are intimately connected. In all probability, it was women’s observations of their menses that led to timekeeping. Another factor in the development of astronomy was the need for hunters to know the lunar cycle, so they could plan their hunt, based on the waxing or waning of the moon.

Lascaux, Summer Triangle, PleaidesIn the famous caves of Lascaux in France have been discovered star maps that date to 16,500 years ago and, according to Dr. Michael Rappenglueck of the University of Munich, record the Pleiades, or “Seven Sisters,” as well as the “Summer Triangle,” composed of the three stars Vega, Deneb and Altair. A 14,000-year-old star map recording the Northern Constellation was also found in the Cueva di El Castillo in Spain. The art of the ancients in such places as Lascaux and Alta Mira, Spain, dating to the Paleolithic (17,000+ Before Present), or Adduara, Sicily (15,000-10,000 BCE), shows a high degree of intelligence, comparable to that of humans today. In discussing the ancients it should be kept in mind that, despite the impression given by strict, linear-evolutionary thinking, humans at least 100,000 years ago (a number that keeps being pushed back) possessed the identical cranial capacity as they do today. Instead of a bunch of grunting ape-men, there were likely individuals among them with IQ’s similar to modern geniuses. It is probable that, as today, there were human beings living in varying states of “civilization,” with some prehistoric humans wearing rough skins and living in caves, while other early humans created more advanced culture…. (30-31)

The Archaic Winter Solstice

In Prehistoric Lunar Astronomy, S.B. Roy postulates that various artifacts found deep in caves, such as the painting known as “Sorcerer with the Antelope’s Head” from Les Trois Freres caves in the French Pyrenees, are representative of…secret deposits [relating to the mysteries]. These caves were occupied during the Magdalenian period, 10,000-16,000 years ago, although [mythologist] Robert Graves dates the paintings to “at least 20,000 B.C.” Regarding possible rituals performed in these caves, some of which are very inaccessible and would therefore likely represent the place of a secret, esoteric initiation, Roy remarks that they would “necessarily be performed at a particular auspicious moment,” upon which their potency would depend. This auspicious moment would be dependent on the solar and lunar phases, as well as the seasons: “The ancient wise men looked up at the heavens to ascertain the proper timing, because the Moon was the most ancient timekeeper, says Yaska [1400 BCE]…” Such “auspicious moments” can be dated using these astronomical keys.

Sorcerer with Antelope's Head Les Trois Freres CaveRoy posits that the antelope-headed “sorcerer” was “a figure marking the onset of a season.” The reasons for this assertion include that the “remote traditions” in the Rig Veda and in Vedic astronomy relate that the Stag’s head represents the star L-Orionis and the winter solstice at the new moon, as well as the summer solstice at the full moon. Roy concludes that the sorcerer figure “marked the winter solstice,” which was “a great day in the Ice Age of Europe.” Based on the astronomy, the figure dates to 10,600 BCE. Furthermore, this stag-headed sorcerer figure is similar to solar images on seals from the Indus Valley city of Mohenjo-Daro dating to the third millennium BCE.

Dating the migration of the European Magdalenian cave-dwellers to the recession of the “fourth glacial Wisconsin-Valders final sub-phase,” 10,000 years ago, Roy further states:

In Northern Europe and Asia, in latitudes of 60º and higher, where Slavonic languages now prevail, the winter was then long and dark. It was very cold. Everyone looked to the day of the winter solstice when the sun would turn North. The astronomers would know the date even though the sun itself was not visible. This was the great day, for the spring would now come.

Thus, the winter solstice was an important factor in human culture, particularly that of the cold, northern latitudes, at least 12,000 years ago. The winter solstice celebration that developed throughout much of the inhabited world has been handed down as “Christmas,” i.e., December 25th, the birthday of the sun of God. “Christmas” is thus an extremely ancient celebration, predating the Christian era by many millennia…. (33-34)

This is an excerpt from

Suns of God: Krishna, Buddha and Christ Unveiled

Check full article and further links at Stellar House Publishing